One of the most crucial aspects of national development is energy. Nigeria now gets its energy from a variety of hydroelectric and thermal power plants.
Wind energy (or wind power) is a sustainable energy source that generates electricity by using airflow. It can be a choice for energy generation if a modest-scale wind turbine can be used to create stand-alone power generation systems in the country. If implemented properly, this will be a big significant step forward in the generation of electricity using the wind.
It is pertinent to know that wind turbines are normally 120 meters tall to capture greater winds, with 45-meter-long blades. A single modest wind turbine can provide electricity for a single residence, whereas wind farms with many larger turbines can provide electricity to the grid. The wind spins the blades of a wind turbine coupled to a generator, which converts the kinetic energy of the wind into electricity.
What is Wind Energy
Wind electrical energy is obtained from holding in the wind with windmills or wind turbines. This is simply the utilization of wind turbines to generate or procreate electricity.
It has been proven historically that we can use it in windmills, wind pumps and snails. Wind power is a sustainable renewable energy source that has a much smaller impact on the environment when compared to other sources of energy.
As Nigeria gets its energy from a variety of hydroelectric, it can be affected by the rainy or dry season. The rainy and dry seasons are the two main seasons in Nigeria. Because of the seasonality, the amount of water available at the various hydro-power stations varies, resulting in inconsistent supply during periods of low water levels. In addition, a lack of natural gas supplies from the different Niger Delta gas wells has hampered the thermal power stations, making continuous energy production problematic.
How Viable is the Generation of Wind Energy in Nigeria?
Various studies have found that the use of wind energy for electricity generation has a lot of potentials. Furthermore, except for the coastal regions and offshore, which are windy, wind speeds are weak in the south. Offshore areas from Lagos to Ondo, Delta, Rivers, Bayelsa, and Akwa Ibom were said to capture powerful wind energy all year. The wind was strongest in the inland hilly parts of the north, while the steep terrains in the central belt and northern edges showed tremendous promise for great wind energy extraction. However, given the country’s varied geography and roughness, substantial variances may exist even within the same region.
Furthermore, results from The Nigerian Meteorological Agency based on the results using 40 years (1968–2007) of available average wind data from the entire forty-four wind stations across the states of the federation revealed that the country’s wind regime is found to be primarily between poor and moderate, with the southern states having mean wind profiles at 10 m height ranging from 3.0 to 3.5 m/s, depending on the states, and northern states capable of 3.5 m/s, with the northern states capable This means that wind resources are abundant in most parts of Nigeria. Despite the low wind speeds in the southern states, modest-scale wind turbines can be used to create standalone power generation systems. If implemented, this will represent a significant step forward for rural and sub-rural communities that are not connected to the national energy grid.
Solution (Wind Power, a Choice of Energy Generation in Nigeria)
The federal government must create a strong policy framework with legal and regulatory processes to promote the development of wind energy technology, attract international and domestic investors, and establish standards for wind farm construction and management. WET currently lacks a popular fiscal, legal, or regulatory policy. Before spending their money, potential investors will want to evaluate the governments’ level of seriousness and what chances they have put in place to improve the marketability of WET within the country..
Within the country, there has been no basic research into the act of utilizing wind for power. This is because such procedures cause finance, which has been unavailable to wind energy researchers. Although only a few results on the prospects of wind energy in Nigeria are available. None of them have developed representative models that can evaluate or forecast the amount of wind energy and wind power fluxes per annum that will correspond to specific sets of wind speeds for the country.
The establishment of such models will be based on historical wind data for various locations and states across the country. It will also be a predictive model that can be used for forecasting the wind power event of a location will be successfully developed through regression and other statistical distributions.
Brief History of Energy Generation in Nigeria
According to a national projection based on a 13% GDP growth rate, energy demand will increase from 5746 MW in 2005 to 297900 MW in 2030. While supply would increase from 6440 MW to over 300,000 MW over the same time period. An additional 11,686 MW must be installed each year to meet demand. Because of changes in availability and poor maintenance of generating equipment, Nigeria now generates about 3000 MW. As a result, Nigeria still has a long way to go to reach energy independence. Furthermore, in order to maximize sustainable energy output, the current generation mix needs to be supplemented.
Nigeria’s access to reliable power is a serious worry today, and despite spending a substantial amount of money to improve the power supply, the country has made little or no progress. Sixty to seventy percent of Nigeria’s population today lives without electricity. Without diversifying energy sources in the domestic, commercial, and industrial sectors, as well as adopting newly accessible technology to reduce energy waste and save money, Nigeria’s current power problem would undoubtedly continue. Various methods of generating energy are being investigated around the world.
A rainy weekend in Germany recently resulted in free electricity as wind generation hit a new high, forcing power companies to pay customers the most since Christmas 2012 to use electricity. Wind output hit 39,409MW, similar to the output of nearly 40 nuclear reactors, causing power prices to fall. Negative prices encourage producers to either shut down power plants or pay consumers to take the additional electricity off the grid in order to maintain the grid supply and demand balanced.
We believe they should direct greater resources toward realizing the enormous potential of wind energy generation. Nigeria’s energy problem causes the exploration of alternative types of electricity generation that are both cost-effective and environmentally beneficial.